For some, the adjustment will be undoubtedly challenging. Gene-editing holds out the promise of dramatically accelerating the gains we have secured through selective breeding in the past. All of these investments sit alongside our other commitments to invest in rural communities. Agricultural development has been hailed as one of the key tools that can be used for ending extreme poverty, thus boosting shared prosperity and feeding a projected global population of 9.7 billion people by 2050. But the turbulence which would be generated by our departure without a deal would be considerable. Were the need to arise, Brian Tischler could simultaneously sip coffee in a café in Vienna, Austria while using his smartphone to steer a tractor across his 2,500-acre farm in Mannville, Alta. But some sectors would be much more severely affected. The critical business of enhancing the environment Outside the EU and the CAP we can reward farmers for the goods they generate which are not rewarded in the market. But recent changes at both Natural England and the Rural Payments Agency are beginning to address the problems we face. Compared to other industries, the agricultural sector has been slow to implement and take advantage of the variety of technologies that are powering the Fourth Industrial Revolution. These public goods too could be rewarded. To take advantage of precision technology, AI, robotics and data analytics requires a level of capital investment which is not available to all. This fully-funded (UK/EU students) studentship will investigate how agri-tech innovation in the UK can be responsible. As a result of leaving the EU and its strict policies controlling the use of genetically modified crops and animals, the UK could open up to opportunities in gene editing, Gove suggested. “Very far” resembles a timid uncertainty, but an interesting expectation from a Big 5 government. Under current EU laws, organic farming is ‘based on the soil’, which disqualifies these soil-free systems from organic certification. This can help to “get their nutrition right, safeguard their welfare, and improve both dairy and meat production,” he added. But while Project Fear proved to be fiction, when we look at what a no-deal Brexit could involve we do need to be clear about the costs and facts. A no-deal Brexit means we would face overall tariff rates of around 11% on agricultural products. Now of course with respect to future trade, we know that there will always be food, and materials required for food production, which we will have to source from abroad. In the first agricultural revolution humans went from hunter gathers to cultivators of the land, producing and domesticating plants and animals. On food security, for example, I think that it is critical that we conceptualise the challenge properly. Well, no recession came and the economic forecasts turned out to be unfounded. At the time, I vigorously rejected those projections and indeed was criticised by some for being too dismissive of expert opinion. ELMs should be seen as an additional crop, with the Government, rather than a commercial player, entering into a contract with farmers to ensure we increase the provision of environmental services, many of which will also enhance farm productivity. “With vegetables growing in temperature, moisture, and nutrition controlled indoor environments, we can guarantee improvements in yield while at the same time limiting environmental externalities.”. And of course, vertical farms not only minimise land use but can of course be located close to the urban population centres they serve. Her report, which is a brilliant analysis of how to make inspection more proportionate, focused and effective, makes clear that outside the EU and the CAP we can have less onerous inspection, simpler regulation and greater confidence in the maintenance of high standards. From the Lake District to Exmoor, from East Sussex to Teesdale, there is alongside our natural environment a delicate human ecology we need to consider, we also need to consider the natural environment as we seek to conserve and enhance. It will enable us to reassure domestic consumers on the safety of our produce as well as securing a competitive edge in a world market where quality is increasingly key. In the next agricultural revolution, technological developments, such as artificial intelligence, the analysis of big data, drone development, machine learning, and robotics will allow us to improve productivity on traditionally farmed land, Gove told delegates. The requirement to use less carbon, to limit the nitrous oxide entering our atmosphere and the nitrates entering our rivers, to improve the organic content and fertility of our soil, to renew, reuse and recycle finite natural resources and yet, at the same time, to also improve resource productivity as the human population grows, all these are the forces driving technological innovation. Such technological advancements come with their own set of challenges, Gove explained, highlighting the significant capital required to invest in precision technology, robotics, and data analytics. The 4th agricultural revolution is coming! Science is thus both making us aware of why agriculture needs to change and also enabling that change to meet our needs. During the second agricultural revolution which was prompted by the industrial revolution; crop yields went up, fertilizers and pesticides started being used, and farm sizes increased. And the consumer has benefited from the enterprise and innovation of our food producers. In our Agriculture Bill we make provision for payments to improve productivity specifically, to support collaboration and to help rural businesses cope with change. Author of the article: Naomi Powell. Growing indoors makes pesticides unnecessary, and thereby also pesticide-resistant GMOâs. Food production has been a success story for Britain. Our ambition at Defra to lead the world in our thinking about food depends on our ability in the first place to maintain a healthy farming sector and overall a robust rural economy. And we are relentlessly focused on how to streamline the bureaucracy we have inherited under the CAP to ensure farmers can concentrate on their core business of sustainable food production and enhancement of our natural capital. Precision farming and technological advancements along the supply chain can help address these challenges and meet rising global food demand, driving the next wave of agricultural revolution. Our world is entering a fourth agricultural revolution. But both the Chancellor and the Chief Secretary to the Treasury are committed to using that review to support growth, encourage technological innovation, demonstrate British leadership in areas of business excellence as well as spreading prosperity more equitably across the country. Fish farming is an increasingly efficient way of using crops to generate nutritious proteins. In both cases about 90% of that export trade goes to the EU. While exchange rates might take some of the strain, the costs imposed by new tariffs would undoubtedly exceed any adjustment in the currency markets. There are important ethical, and economic, questions about gene-editing which we need to debate. I want our Food Strategy to be ambitious, to ask big questions, to challenge lazy orthodoxies. That is and often forgotten a greater degree of security over future funding for farming than that enjoyed by any other existing EU nation. Regarding the top global trends driving the fourth agricultural revolution, Technological innovations are beginning to transform every link in the food chain, from seed to fork. The third agricultural revolution was even more significant in its scale. Food security necessarily also involves providing consumers not just with a plentiful and resilient supply of food but with guarantees on provenance and welfare. Gene editing also poses important ethical questions, and the energy required to maintain vertical farming systems can be costly and carbon-intensive, he told delegates, adding that despite these challenges, “No change is not an option.”, “Reform is vital to modernize the sector and to capitalize on technological advances.”, URBAN AGRICULTURE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM'S UNCERTAIN FUTURE, WHY VERTICAL FARMING ISN'T A MIRACLE SOLUTION TO FOOD SECURITY, singapore, Agritecture, urban agriculture, urban farming. Because the background against which this fourth agricultural revolution is occurring – indeed many of the stimuli for it – are the environmental and social factors I’ve just, briefly, listed. That is why I commissioned Dame Glenys Stacey to look at the whole landscape of farm regulation and inspection. The fact that these problems disproportionately affect more disadvantaged sectors of society should offend our sense of social justice. The fourth agricultural revolution, much like the fourth industrial revolution, refers to the anticipated changes from new technologies, particularly the use of AI to make smarter planning decisions and power autonomous robots. In June last year, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled that crops obtained by mutagenesis - a technique that genetically alters the material of a plant - are to be classified as GMOs. And I will address that question head on in a moment. David Rose is the Elizabeth Creak Associate Professor of Agricultural Innovation and Extension in the Department of Applied Economics and Marketing. The growth in obesity, the acceleration in numbers of patients with Type 2 Diabetes, the spiralling in cases of diet-related heart disease and cancers, all require us to look at the impact of what we eat on how we live, and die. In developed countries, digital technologies and analytics are making farm operations more insight-driven and efficient. But while I cannot pre-empt the outcome of the Spending Review I can continue to demonstrate the case for, and put in place the policies that will underpin, long-term investment. It will probably also require us to build in resilience and flexibility to our agricultural sector so we can deal with changes we cannot anticipate by ensuring we having diversity in the size and type of farm business in this country. Four major turning points in world history - First: Tool Revolution (20,000 years ago); Second: Agricultural Revolution (12,000 years ago); Third: Industrial Revolution (c1760-1840); Fourth: Technological Revolution (1950 to present day and [ ongoing). ] Because the truth is as this conference designed to underline. Thinking strategically about food Food first. A proper food strategy must look more widely at the socio-economic factors and trends relating to diet and health problems such as obesity, diabetes and other diet-related illnesses. This brings us to today. That is also why we have published proposals to allow for agricultural support payments to be rolled forward into a lump sum which can used now to re-model farm businesses for the future. Latest network news, cybersecurity news, and remote work news. Here, however, since the fourth agricultural revolution is generally associated with technology, we felt it was important to consider which technologies were being included and excluded and to anticipate the consequences of particular technology trajectories. And if we are to maintain our own resilience and reputation for quality, that means we must maintain our own high environmental and animal welfare standards, and we must not barter them away in pursuit of a necessarily short-term trade-off. Secretary Gove believes we are moving into the 4th agricultural revolution, a revolution that will include cell based meat. In 2016/17, more than half of the UK’s farms earned less than £20,000 and a fifth made no profit at all. The fourth agricultural revolution supports the use of technology in order to promote sustainable farming. The combination of significant tariffs when none exist now, friction and checks at the border when none exist now and requirements to re-route or pay more for transport when current arrangements are frictionless, will all add to costs for producers. I know that some of the predictions about what might happen without a deal have been dismissed as another episode of Project Fear, a re-run of the lurid claims in the 2016 referendum that a vote to leave would trigger an automatic recession. But we cannot take this bounty for granted. This video covers the Green Revolution and discusses the possibility of a new fourth Agricultural Revolution. And advances in synthetic biology may allow us to create traditional animal products – from gelatine and egg whites to milk and even meat – in labs. There is a huge opportunity for British talent to shape the Fourth Agricultural Revolution. NetworkTigers is a provider of used and refurbished Cisco, Arista, HPE and Sonicwall network switches, routers, firewalls and PDUs. Now as I suspect some of you may know, I argued for Britain to leave the European Union and I believe strongly that our departure allows us to rejuvenate our democracy, make power more accountable, escape from the bureaucratic straitjacket of the CAP and develop a more vibrant farming sector with access to technologies the EU is turning its back on. For some, the adjustment will be undoubtedly challenging. CRISPR-Cas editing technology has received significant attention in the agricultural sector, for its ability to help scientists make cuts at specific locations in a plant genome that introduce precise changes to facilitate crop breeding. He’s right. In a way, the fourth agricultural revolution reverses the trends of agriculture as we know it. Tischler, 55, is the inventor of AgOpenGPS, an There is a world of opportunity for British agriculture if we are prepared to embrace the opportunities that our policy reforms and the wider technological revolution can bring. A new generation of farmers, scientists, bio and agri-tech entrepreneurs are already reinforcing Britain’s reputation as a centre of excellence in innovation. British citizens have a wider choice of high-quality food than ever before and the cost of food for the consumer has fallen significantly in recent decades. Affordable food for every citizen is a key goal of public policy. Do the economics of contemporary food production add up? Which is why the new Livestock Information Programme which Minette Batters has championed and helped to secure this year is so important. All of these are real gains which our departure from the EU can bring risk, but these real gains risk being undermined if we leave the EU without a deal. So today I hope to outline how Defra sees its role in the midst of this fourth revolution – with respect to all the areas for which the department is responsible – food, the rural economy, and our environment. I recognise that there will be wariness among some about how we propose to administer these contracts because the recent record of delivery with environmental and countryside stewardship payments has been so woeful. Why we care: Secretary Gove argues that due to a high price tag and consumer perception, we are “very far” from introducing eaters to cell based meat. So just what does a fourth agricultural revolution entail? New seed varieties were generated that powerfully improved yields and, alongside improvements in fertiliser manufacture, pest control and other forms of crop protection, they allowed developing nations to overcome scarcity and hunger, laying the groundwork for the global economic growth which has lifted billions out of poverty. Because we all now, the potential of the Fourth Agricultural Revolution will only be fully realised if we ensure the very best levels of digital connectivity across rural Britain and that is why this investment has been prioritised. And, of course, if the pound does make exports more competitive, it also feeds inflationary pressures at home. fourth agricultural revolution is being perceived and talked about in policy and media sources and amongst practitioners. In the middle decades of the last century, pioneering work by visionary scientists such as Norman Borlaug, whose granddaughter is with us here today, transformed the scale of food production worldwide. To place food security on a sounder footing, enable food producers to plan for the future with confidence, provide a proper understanding of the real economics of the food industry, harness the potential of new technology to improve productivity, make that productivity growth genuinely sustainable – and to improve the nation’s health. The first revolution was the move from hunting and gathering to settlement and cultivation – which made possible the generation of surpluses, the beginning of trade and the establishment of civilisation. Food and drink is our biggest manufacturing sector, with our food and drink contributing £113 billion to the economy every year. The more information we have – and especially the more information an increasingly discerning public have when they make consumer choices – the better markets work. Reform is vital to modernise the sector and capitalise on technological advances. But while there are big questions we need to debate about how we handle these new technologies – and where better to debate them than at the Oxford Farming Conference? Just as I believe we can be world leaders in food production and environmental enhancement so I believe we can, building on Dame Glenys’s work, set the global gold standard in trusted, transparent and efficient regulation of farming. Industry is on the verge of a food production revolution, UK secretary of state for environment, food, and rural affairs, Michael Gove, told delegates at the Oxford Farming Conference yesterday (January 3). Technological Advances In the next agricultural revolution, technological developments, such as artificial intelligence, the analysis of big data, drone development, machine learning, and robotics will allow us to improve productivity on traditionally farmed land, Gove told delegates. In addition, the fourth agricultural revolution may see animal products, from gelatin to egg whites, to milk and even meat, made in labs, Gove continued. So food security in the future should mean for example, returning soils to robust health, and improving their organic content. It should also mean keeping pollinator numbers healthy and improving animal welfare and husbandry to minimise health problems and disease risk. That’s why we need to ask searching questions about just where, how and why poor diet occurs – and seek answers. We can also better support our organic farming, landscape restoration and biodiversity enrichment; as well as improving public access to the countryside. Publishing date: Aug 28, 2019 â¢ â¢ 4 minute read. While we do hope the French take steps to build capacity there, that capacity is unlikely by the end of March to be generous. Part of the answer is greater transparency. Cell Based Tech Weekly Report – Strauss Group Ltd, the First Cell Based Steak, Impossible Burger’s Hype and Tipping Point, Lab Grown Meat – Everything You Need to Know. The Top Global Trends Driving The Fourth Agricultural Revolution - Trendopsis Technological innovations are transforming everything, digital technologies and analytics are making farm operations more insight-driven and efficient. In many parts of the world, the green revolution has left a legacy of over-cultivation and excessive chemical usage, which has contributed to widespread land degradation and the pollution of natural ecosystems. There are, of course, other key economic questions the food strategy must address. As I said earlier, it would hit those who are our smaller farmers and smaller food businesses. But I want us to go further. Embracing a fourth agricultural revolution post-Brexit could help the UK to alleviate poverty and scarcity, replenish its stores of natural capital, and secure investment to tackle waste, pollution and emissions, he said. This fourth agricultural revolution will therefore require us to change the way we work on the land and invest in its future, will force us to reform the role of Government in regulating and supporting farming; will demand new thinking and new talent in food production, and will, inevitably, require tough choices to be made. The fourth industrial revolution (4IR) is starting to change how every agricultural player, from a family farmer to a global conglomerate, produces food and related products. Of course there is already one conspicuous way in which we do lead the world in terms of food. Beef or soybeans produced to scale on land in other countries that have been cleared of vast hectares of forests may appear cheap but in fact such food is costing the earth. This challenge, however, requires very careful handling. And with the scale of change coming that I mentioned earlier, the more assurance we can provide the better. That helped drive an equally dramatic increase in population numbers, which in turn sustained the industrial revolution. The argument that we can lower the cost of food by importing from countries that have pursued deforestation policies ignores the fact that we all have to pay for the environmental damage in other ways. That in turn requires us to think about the role of Government in supporting all those who work and live in the countryside. The loss of forest cover imposes environmental costs on all of us, as valuable carbon sinks disappear and a defence against climate change is dismantled. These all generate public goods by adding to our carbon storage, boosting air quality, tackling global warming, and also improving water quality. He will be visiting farms and food producers and working with people across the industry to ensure we ask the right questions. Equally, farmers could be rewarded for enhancing the natural capital of which they are stewards – protecting ancient woodland, bringing woodland under active management or restoring peat bogs. Farmers plan, invest and produce for the long-term. That is just one of the reasons why I hope my colleagues in Parliament support the Prime Minister’s deal. As I mentioned earlier in the context of food security, it is particularly important that we are sensitive to the need of smaller farmers, because I’m acutely aware that for many of them, the changes in how we provide support and the changes in how technology will affect food production raise real challenges. So just what does a fourth agricultural revolution entail? So as the German statesman Otto von Bismarck once put it, ‘If revolution there is to be, far better to undertake it than undergo it.’. And the third agricultural revolution, around the mid-20th century, when the Green Revolution made an entry, increasing yields, saving many from starvation. Introduction – History tells us science is the futureOne of my favourite Radio Four programmes, second only to Farming Today, is The Long View. The potential for Britain to lead in this revolution is huge. “Not least by reducing the need for labour, minimizing the imprint of vehicles on soil, applying inputs overall more precisely, adjusting cultivation techniques more sensitively, and therefore using far fewer natural resource - whether carbon, nitrogen, or water - in order to maximize growth.”. And I look forward to the participants in this Oxford Farming Conference leading the way. Of course, a nation as adaptable, resilient and creative as ours can and will flourish over time, even without a deal. According to the AHDB’s excellent Horizon report, we export around 15% of our beef production and around a third of lamb. As John Varley of Clinton Estates observes: ‘These statistics would make most investors that are not looking for tax breaks steer well clear.’, If, however, we embrace the potential of the fourth revolution we can guarantee the future of the United Kingdom as a major global food producer; we can play our part in alleviating poverty and scarcity; we can replenish our store of natural capital, secure investment for the innovations in tackling waste, pollution and emissions which the world will increasingly need – and hand on both a healthier economy and an enriched environment to the next generation. That is why I particularly welcome what your chairman, Tom Allen-Stevens, called earlier the ‘brazenly positive’ tone of this conference. Ensuring that this fourth agricultural revolution is responsible is important. In the Budget the government announced that it would invest a further £200m over the next two years providing full fibre broadband in rural areas. Compared with a generation ago, it is often the case that farmers receive a lower share of the money that we, the public, hand over to supermarkets and other food retailers. From biotechnology to big data, science and technology are ready to take over the agricultural sector in order to â¦ Because, hugely significant as the changes generated by Brexit will be, it’s important that we consider them in the broader context of the wider forces driving change in farming, food policy and our relationship with the rest of the natural world. Departure from the EU also presents an opportunity for hydroponic and vertical farm producers to attain organic status. Leaving the EU also means we can end support for inefficient area-based payments which as we know reward the already wealthy and hold back innovation, and we can move to support genuine productivity enhancement – and also support public goods like clean air or climate change mitigation which stem from the improvement of soil health, the improvement of water quality and or the improvement of pollinator habitats. The diet is central to health, does our approach to food currently maximise human well-being? Here are four major technology trends shaping the fourth agricultural revolution. Our universities are home to some of the most respected agriculture, food and environmental science, vet medicine, land management, chemistry, zoology and botany departments in the world. It is critically important that we support efforts to bring farmers together, and also support innovation and collaboration – because that will help ensure that we keep a wide range of different farm businesses resilient in the face of change. And it also means guarding against those looming changes we can foresee – taking steps to minimise flood risk, adapt to climate change and safeguard biodiversity so we have a rich bank of natural capital on which to draw for the future. Which is why Tom Allen-Stevens is right to look to the future with confidence. But in many parts of the country it is smaller farmers who preserve, in the words of the Prince of Wales, the culture in agriculture. It is time to discuss the scary aspects with the same vigour as the exciting part. Healthy domestic production in the future is likely to require not just investment in new technology but are also improving the resilience of the environment on which we depend for future growth. Currently the world entering, or can I say has already entered, its fourth agricultural revolution which is driven by robotics. Uplands livestock farmers, including commoners of course, are responsible for maintaining some of our most iconic landscapes in the condition which not just sustains their farm businesses but also acts as a habitat for precious native species. Intervention is also required when it comes to health. I see our Food Strategy as another opportunity for Britain to show a lead in this world of opportunity. And nor can we ignore the looming problems that we face. It isn’t perfect – but we should never make the perfect the enemy of the good. 16. Canada seen poised to lead world in food production if we can seize âfourth agricultural revolutionâ RBC says the sector could contribute $51 billion to the economy by 2030 â enough to eclipse both the aeronautics and auto industries. Farming than that enjoyed by any other existing EU nation, even without a cost that by! 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